Organizational structure is thestaff structure in an organization, in other word, it is refers to how to divide the labor, the group and how to cooperate towards the work task. It is the frame of the whole management system, of which the essence is a collaboration system to realize the strategic target of an organization.Besides, organizational structure is a dynamic structure system in aspects of job scope, responsibility and right which has to be changed with the adjustment of major strategy(Raymond & Charles1978).Bureaucracy structure and matrix structure are two common organizational designs. This paper will make a research on the advantages and disadvantages of bureaucracy structure and matrix structure respectively.
Actually, each organizational structure is not perfect. It is just the frame structure, a kind of tool or means of an organization. There is no best organizational structure because different organizations have different requirements. The organizational structure that can promote the realization of the strategic mission and target of the organization is the most effective one. Besides, different organizational structure can only satisfy the organization’s requirement in specific period. Thus, organizational structure has to be adjusted and reformed with the internal and external environmental transition to gain the effectiveness and efficiency of the organization.