Analysis of the Building 建筑设计分析assignment代写

发布时间:2019-10-30 20:24
 Analysis of the Building  建筑设计分析assignment代写

MATERIALS and SMALL CONSTRUCTION HAND OUT:  Analysis of the Building Systems FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, LANDSCAPE & VISUAL ARTS, the University of Western Australia SEMESTER ONE 2016 Materials and Small Constructions Level 2 (ARCT203O) Unit Coordinator: EMILIANO ROIA Tutors: Amy Sullivan; Janie Green; Mark Jecks “THE WHOLE  IS INDEED THE SUM OF ITS PARTS, TRULY UNIQUE AND ALWAYS CONNECTED.”  Axel Vervoordt VISION This unit aims to develop students’ ability to critically observe and analyze small-scale contemporary buildings. Through studies of the relationships between technology and design, the unit presents various Construction Systems and building materials. By using a methodological approach based on analytical drawings/ diagrams, the unit also aims to teach the act of drawing by hand as a way of thinking rather than just representation. The analytical drawings aim to reveal the underlying patterns of organization that exist within buildings (e.g. Structure), in order to highlight the relationship between design and construction systems. Through highly selective drawings, the analysis is devoted to simplifying and clarifying the some of the Construction Systems that define a building. The unit also studies construction techniques, building materials, structure and site- works for small / medium scale buildings. The unit introduces some structural systems and behavior, looks at the various parts of buildings, and concentrates on how technology informs and influences the places and spaces of the built environment. The unit places particular emphasis on the relationship between technology and design, which, in my teaching experience, is often perceived as two separate architectural issues. Students are asked to analyze four contemporary houses from a list of case studies, which use different construction techniques. The result of this study will be displayed in an A4 Booklet. The A4 BOOKLET The hand-drawn A4 Booklet investigating the four major constructional techniques (Steel; Concrete; Timber; Masonry) studying four contemporary small buildings. Your tutors will provide you with the four case study buildings to study analyse and then represent in the booklet. The aim of this Booklet is to study, analyse, understand and represent the Constructional Systems (Structure, Envelope and Internal) within a small building. By using a methodological analysis based on  Analytical  drawings and diagrams,  students will investigate these Constructional Systems and how the buildings elements are combined. All the drawings within the booklet must be hand drawn. The analytical diagrams aim to reveal the underlying patterns of organization and relationship between design and technology (E.g. Structure) that may not be readily understandable in the building as a whole or even in its plan. The analysis also aims to reveal the relationship between design and constructive choices. The idea behind this Analysis is to approach a complex object such as a building by breaking it down into  Constructional Systems and design aspects ( Constructional Systems : Structure, Envelope and Internal). In other words, analyse a complex object (building) by dividing it into smalls and more approachable  elements. “A System can be defined as an assembly of interdependent parts forming a more complex and unified whole and serving a common purpose. A building can be understood to be the physical embodiment of a number of systems and subsystems that must necessarily be related, coordinated, and integrated with each other as well as with three-dimensional form and spatial organization of the building as a whole. Frank Ching”. Analysis is devoted to simplifying and clarifying the different  Construction Systems which define a building manufacture. Each drawing should emphasize a particular aspect of the analysis; therefore the information in each drawing has to be highly selective. Plans and more general two-dimensional drawings are usually the key diagrams of this investigation. By studying them it is possible to establish the underlying logic and highlight the different relationships between design and technology in a building. Together with the use of two-dimensional drawings as the primary analytical tool the analysis has to be completed by using three-dimensional sketches and axonometric drawings: three-dimensional sketches are strong tools used to investigate the connections between the different members and systems whilst axonometric drawings intend to provide a complete view of the building manufacture. Analytic diagrams have to be interpretative and selective, as each of them will emphasize certain kinds of information at the expense of others. So all the analytic diagrams within the “specific analysis” (the part of the analysis devoted to the study of the case study building) will employ graphic editing because they cannot include all of the information known about a building for which they stand. Analytic drawings should leave out some information in order to emphasize certain aspects of concern. The appropriate way to draw each analytic diagram (e.g. different parts to highlight; the use of different line weights; axis and lines editing etc.) to convey certain information related to the analysis has to be interpreted as an analysis within the analysis itself, and it will be assessed as a crucial part. The critical point is: the ability to explore a building through varying degrees of graphic abstraction and selection. As we cannot achieve all the information necessary to investigate each case study (due to a limitation of information provided by magazines and books) some parts of the analysis will be in form of hypothesis based on the knowledge you will achieve by studying the book (general analysis) and derived from “reading” carefully your case study building and other similar buildings. Different kinds of drawings provide different kinds of information. Sometimes a highly abstracted plan shorn of detail can reveal information and ideas not readily evident in highly detailed plans. Whereas the “specific analysis” with its analytical diagrams concentrates on specific case study buildings, the introductory “general analysis” for each section explores the general technological aspects, which define the technological theme in each case study (general analysis will be studied in the book: Building Construction System,Frank-Ching). The booklet must have a cover page with Student’s name, number, and list of the selected case study buildings, Unit and Coordinator’s names. The booklet must be of 24 (A4) pages. Every booklet section (Steel, Concrete, Masonry, and Timber) has to be bond separately (plastic or metal spiral). For each selected project, analysis should comprehend drawings for: BUILDING INTRODUCTION - Introduction to the building (plans, elevations, sections and building data) BUILDING ANALYSIS - Structural System Analysis: Structural Typology Structural Pattern Spanning System Structural Parts, Joints and Connections. - Envelope System: Envelope Typology Construction System Patter and cladding - Internal System Materials and internal finishing strategy BUILDING INTRODUCTION (about 1 1 page) In this session you should present and describe the building exactly as it is (no Analysis): plans, sections and elevation in an appropriate scale and layout. ANALYSIS OF THE BUIL DING SYSTEMS (about  5  pages): Investigation and description of the various technological and architectonics aspects of the constructional systems of the building. For each system (Structural, Envelope, Internal) students will produce a Specific Analysis and a General Analysis. The Specific analysis is the analysis where you will apply the knowledge achieved through the general analysis on the specific case studies building. General analysis is an analysis on the general technological aspects which define the technological theme of each case study (steel, concrete, timber and masonry) – study on the book “building construction system”- Structural System The Structural System of a building is designed and constructed to support and transmit applied gravity and lateral loads safely to the ground without exceeding the allowable stresses in its members. It is possible to divide it into 2 categories: -  The superstructure is the vertical extension of a building above the foundation. It is made of columns, beams, and load bearing walls which support floor and roof structure -  The substructure is the underlying structure forming the foundation of a building. Topics to analyse in this System: -  Structural Typology and Unit; -  Structural Pattern; -  Spanning System; -  Structural Parts, Joints and Connections. Structural typology and unit: It is an overall view and description of the structure. Both superstructure and substructure must be represented. Every parts of the building that it is not structural must not be shown. (In this example, steel case study building: structural typology and structural parts and joints) Structural Pattern: It is the arrangement of the vertical structural members (e.g. columns, load bearing walls etc.) During this stage of the analysis it will be crucial represent: axial lines, geometrical grids, main dimensions and relationships with structural bays and building layouts. (In this example, steel case study building: structural Pattern) Spanning System: It is the geometrical and hierarchical arrangement of principal and secondary horizontal structural members (e.g. beams, joists, trusses, slabs etc.). When required by the structural typology (E.g. steel, timber) representation of the primary and secondary members is crucial. Primary members are the structural members essential to the stability of the structure as a whole. Secondary members are any structural members supported by a primary member. The secondary structure rests on the primary structure. The primary structure allows for the long span while the secondary structure allows for the floor to be supported. Note: in some cases (e.g. Concrete slabs) you may not have any primary and secondary members. (In this example, steel case study building: spanning system and structural parts and joints) Structural parts, joints and connections: It is the way in which vertical and the horizontal structural elements are connected together. Structural analysis usually requires 2 page. Enclosure System The Enclosure system is the shell or envelope of a building, consisting of the roof, exterior walls and openings -  The roof and exterior walls shelter interior spaces from weather and provide a skin towards the surrounding area. It is crucial factor to study both for a technical and sustainable. It is also the “face” of the building towards the urban or natural environment. -  Doors provide physical access. (Entrance is a very important part in any building.) -  Window provide access to light, air, views and mediate the relationship with the inner spaces of the building and the surrounding area. Topics to analyse in this System: -  Envelope Typology; -  Construction system; -  External pattern or cladding; Envelope Typology It is an overall view and description of this System. (In this example, timber case study building: envelope typology and construction system) Construction System Is the envelope part of the structure? Is the envelope load bearing or non-load bearing? Single layer or multi layers? single leaf or multi leaf? In this section you should answer at this kind of questions by investigating a relevant constructional section of your building skin. External pattern or cladding It is the last layer of the building towards the outside. So you should unfold the building “skin” (roof and elevations) and study its main characteristics by distinguish them on: Solid parts and voids; Openings: operable and non-operable windows; Types of claddings (materials) Texture Pattern.

 Analysis of the Building  建筑设计分析assignment代写 (In this example, steel case study building: external pattern and construction system) Enclosure analysis usually requires 2 pages.  Internal System It is the interior of the building formed by all interior partitions (floors and walls), vertical connections and mechanical systems essential for building use. (In this example, concrete case study building: internal system) Internal analysis usually requires 1 page.  A4 booklet - assessment: Assessment will consider the extent to which submitted drawings achieve success in analyzing, interpreting and demonstrating the building systems of the selected project. Precision, read-ability, clarity of notations and general care for each drawing will also be assessed. The subjects of the assessment are the submitted A4 drawings (spiral bounded into an A4 booklet). Specifically the A4 drawings will be assessed according to: 1-Completeness of analysis (Contents of the analysis) 2-Clarity of analysis (The combination and variety of drawings used in the booklet to clarify your understanding of the contents) 3-Graphical quality (drawings, layout and labeling)  Analysis of the Building  建筑设计分析assignment代写